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Infrastructure

Electricity

The Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), has been primarily responsible for power generation and transmission, whereas the Metropolitan Electricity Authority (MEA) and the Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA) share the responsibility of distributing electricity to Bangkok and the provinces, respectively. EGAT reports to the Office of the Prime Minister, whereas MEA and PEA report to the Ministry of Interior.

ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION
Unit: Million baht or as stated
2001
2002
Average 2003 (Estimate)
Electricity consumption (million kilowatt-hour)
97,887.1
105,181.8
93,852.7
 
(5.9)
(7.5)
(6.9)
Households
21,177.9
21,963.2
19,634.0
 
(9.2)
(3.7)
(6.7)
Small-scale businesses (consume 0-30 kw)
9,267.9
9,750.8
8,676.7
 
(6.6)
(5.2)
(6.6)
Medium-scale businesses (consume 31-1999 kw)
18,368.7
19,071.6
16,643.5
 
(3.9)
(3.8)
(4.5)
Large-scale businesses (consume 2000 kw upwards)
35,319.8
37,964.2
34,199.2
Notes: Figures in parentheses represent percentage changes from the same period of the previous year. Figures of total consumption are from the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, whereas those of economic sectors consumption are from the Metropolitan and Provincial Electricity Authorities. The figures have been reclassified by the Metropolitan and Provincial Electricity Authorities according to the volume of consumption (load pattern).


EGAT's Annual Operations
  UNIT 2001 2002 2003
Thailand's Total Installed Capacity Megawatts 22,034 23,755 25,241
EGAT'S Installed Capacity Megawatts 15,000 15,000 14,811
Installed Capacity of Private Power Producers Megawatts 7,074 8,775 10,430
Transmission Line Length Circuit-kilometres 27,039 27,932 28,322
Employees Persons 28,543 27,950 27620

ELECTRICITY
MEDIUM AND LONG TERM PLANS
Growth in supply and demand of energy until end of Eight Plan
Year Supply (MW) Demand (MW)
1995 14,372 11,880
1996 15,628 13,009
1997 16,960 14,193
1998 18,261 15,315
1999 21,136 16,446
2000 22,836 17,685
2001 25,376 19,029
2002 26,876 20,237
2003 28,376 21,440
2004 30,076 22,690
2005 31,766 23,997
2006 33,456 25,371
2007 35,296 26,835
2008 37,405 28,409
2009 39,318 30,044
2010 41,618 31,749
2011 43,918 33,532
Source : National Energy Policy Committee
EGAT's long-term plan is to increase the minimum power reserve from 15% to 25% to raise energy supply security. EGAT's plans of increasing net installed capacity by 30,929 MW will bring Thailand's total capacity to 43,918 MW by 2011.

Independent Power Producer Program

In 1995, the independent power producer (IPP) program was launched in an effort to partly privatize state-controlled power utilities. Foreign and local companies have shown great interest in building, owning and operating large power plants that will ease the state's burden of investing in power generation.

The IPP projects will be wholly private undertakings. Some of the key IPP terms set by the Government are:

Tny power prices submitted by IPPs should not exceed EGAT's set cost
The contract for the power purchase agreement must be between 20 and 25 years
The capacity of each project for commissioning in 1996-2002 must not exceed 1,400 MW, but may be expanded during the years 2003-2006
Investors must have proven technological capability matching the required performance specifications
Fuel choices must be clear, acceptable to the public, have stable pricing structure, have secured supply and support the Government's policy on fuel diversification for the country.

Priorities for project sites will be given to the following areas in the following order; central region, west coast (e.g. Prachuab Khiri Khan), east coast (e.g. Rayong), other regions and neighboring countries.

Sources: EGAT, MEA, PEA and The Bank of Thailand

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