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Demographic

The population of Thailand reached 64.86 million in 2004, of which approximately 25 percent are under the age of 15. With a growth rate of 1.2 to 1.4 percent per year the population is projected to exceed 70 million by 2010
POPULATION
2004 (Est) 64.86 Million
2003 63.8 Million
2002 62.5 Million
2001 62.9 Million
2000 62.4 Million
1999 61.8 Million
1998 61.2 Million
1997 60.8 Million
Median Age: 30.5
Population Growth Rate 0.91%
Birth Rate: 16.04/1,000 Population
Death Rate 6.94/1,000 Population
Life Expectancy at Birth: 71.41 Years
Population Below Poverty Line: 10.4%
Source: National Statistical Office and Bank of Thailand
The size of the work force now exceeds 34.1 million, with the majority of the workforce under 30 years of age. Each year about 800,000 people join this force, with a literacy rate above 90 percent. Many standard labor practices apply, including mandatory severance packages, and overtime payments for work in excess of the normal workday.

The minimum wage in Thailand is currently 170 baht per day (US$4.28) in Bangkok and between 133-168 baht in the provinces. While not the lowest labor market in the region, Thailand's workforce is among the most cost-efficient in the world, as they have earned a reputation for diligence and adaptability.
Minimum Daily Wage by Region
Bangkok, Nakon Pathom, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Samut Prakan and Samut Sakhon 170 Baht
Phuket 168 Baht
Chonburi 153 Baht
Saraburi 151 Baht
Chiang Mai, Nakhon Ratchasima and Phangna 145 Baht
Ranong and Rayong 143 Baht
Phra Nakhon Sri Autthaya 142 Baht
Chachoengsao and Krabi 140 Baht
Ang Thong Chanthaburi, Kanchanaburi, Phetchaburi, Ratchaburi and Samut Songkram 138 Baht
Chumphon, Lamphun, Sa Kaeo and Sukhothai 137 Baht
Buri Ram, Kamphaeng Phet, Khon Kaen, Lop Buri, Prachin Buri, Sing Buri, Suphan Buri and Trang 136 Baht
Amnat Charoen, Chai Nat, Chaiyaphom, Kalasin, Lampang, Loei, Mukdahan, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Sawan, Kakhon Si Thammarat, Narathiwat, Nong Bua Lomphu, Nong Khai, Pattani, Phattalung, Phetchabun, Phitsanulok, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Roi Et, Sakhon Nakhon, Satun, Songkhla, Si Saket, Surat Thani, Tak, Trat, Udon Thani, Uttaradit and Yala 135 Baht
Nakhon Nayok and Phichit 134 Baht
Kanchanaburi, Kalasin, Kamphaengpet, Chanthaburi, Nakhon Phanom, Trat, Chai Nat, Chumphon, Prachin Buri, Songkhla, Phetchabun, Ratchaburi, Sura Thani, Nong Bua Lamphu, Uthai Thani 135 Baht
Chiang Rai, Mae Hong Son, Maha Sarakham, Nan, Phrae, Phayao, Surin, Ubon Ratchathani, and Yasothon 133 Baht
Source: Bank of Thailand
Literacy
The literacy rate in Thailand is quite high and in recent years there has been an increased emphasis on education. This emphasis is sure to continue, as the Eighth National Economic and Social Development Plan (1997-2002) focuses on development of the Kingdom's human resources as its highest priority.
WORK FORCE EDUCATION (Q1 2004)
Total 33,423.57
None 1,167.89
Less than Elementary 12,092.29
Elementary 7,469.51
Lower Secondary 4,635.76
Upper Secondary 3,680.02
Higher Level 4,260.90
Other 16.87
Unknown 100.34
Unit: 1,000 persons
Literacy *
Total population: 96%
Male: 97.5%
Female: 94.6%
* Age 15 and over, can read and write. 2003 estimate.

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